Shechem is a famous ancient site where the first Jew stopped upon arriving in the Holy Land 4000 years ago.
It was here that God promised this land to Abraham for him and his descendants (Genesis 12:6) It was the most important geographical crossroads in Central Israel in ancient times.
Mt. Ebal rises to the north over the valley of Shechem, today the city of Nablus (after the Roman Neopolis). Mt. Gerizim lies to the south. In between them lies Joseph’s tomb.
At the book of Deuteronomy, Moses gave clear instructions to Joshua on what to do upon entering the Jews’ promised land. This included setting an altar on Mt. Ebal to God. (Deuteronomy 27:1-8)
It was here that Joshua built an altar to the God of Israel (Joshua 8:30-8:35) and the people renewed their covenant with God. In a memorable scene, he led the people to the altar of stones and wrote upon it the Laws as laid out to Moses by God. After crossing the Jordan River, the twelve tribes of Israel divided themselves into two groups, six on the slopes of Mount Ebal to receive God’s curses, and the other six on the slopes of Mount Gerizim to receive blessings. The Ark of the Covenant presided in the crowd. God’s curses for disobedience; Joshua and the Levites reread the entire Covenant and the people reaffirmed their covenant.
Ebal comes from the Hebrew word meaning rocky. There is a theory here holding that Mt. Ebal was chosen as the site of the cursed due to its rocky, barren nature.
It is interesting to note that the six tribes on Mt Ebal were descended of slave women, while the tribes on Mt Gerizim were the offspring of Jacob’s lawful wives.
The Levites shouted a litany of curses on those standing on Mt Ebal, for acts ranging from lying, stealing and immorality to murder. The curses would continue, from plagues to pestilence, and finally conquer and exile, for not following the word of God.
Mt. Ebal to this day reminds onlookers of their covenant with God and is extremely important for that reason.